The New National Education Policy 2020 (NEP) has been approved by Union Cabinet. This New Education Policy is a big step in the right direction. For 34 years country needed a New Education Policy which reflected the changes that the world around us had seen. Most of the people are putting their thinking cap on Education Policy 2020. The people are happy with the new changes in the new policy because after 1986, in 2020 happened so with various new things . To implement New Education policy was BJP’s polls promise. HRD Ministry has been changed to education ministry now.
Let’s understand what is New Education Policy (NEP) 2020 is :
1. In New Education Policy the 10+2 structure of school curriculum is to be replaced by a 5+3+3+4 curricular structure corresponding to ages 3-8, 8-11, 11-14 and 14-18 years respectively.
2. In first 5 years , there will be 3 years for pre primary and class 1 and 2 which will be foundation stage in which children will be taught basic things like reading writing etc. Class 3 to 5 will be to teach them language , math, science . Till class 5th they can study in any mother tongue or regional language whatever they chose.
3. 3 years from class 6 to 8 will be the middle stage. In which students will be taught vocational courses as well. They will be taught coding. They can even do internship, like if someone is interested in painting or creative in mechanics , he/she can go to any painter, mechanic or carpenter to learn practical things and that will be given in your score card. This is so interesting. Thereafter class 9 to 12 4 Years will be higher stage of schooling. Exams will be in semester.
Stream system to be abolished :
Stream of disciplinary system will be abolished in new education system. Anyone can read any subject as per his interest and wish. There would be no hindrance now. Like before if anyone from science stream, he/she couldn’t have read history or economics , but in New education system, even if you’re doing physics honours and you have interest to read history, you can read it. There would not be streams like Science,Arts & Commerce in new education Policy.
Multiple Entry or Exit for any course :
For college education or bigger institutions there will be a CAT exam for admision. In college education there will be multiple entry or exit for any course. For example if someone doing B.Tech or simple graduation and due to some reason or financial problems he/she has to drop the education Just after first year, in this scenario his/her one year will not be wasted. He/she will be given a certificate. If he drops in two years , he will be given a diploma and if he completes his total duration of course, he will be given the degree.
If someone drops his studies just after first year and he comes to complete his education again after the gap of two/ three years, his one year will not be wasted, he can start his study from 2nd year because there will be a digital credit bank to be set up where your credit will be saved and when you’ll be back that credit will be used.
M.Phil out , MA one year course :
Graduation course (B.A) will be of 3 years or 4 years. If you have to do a job after graduation, then it will be of 3 years but if you want to do research after graduation it will be of 4 years. Then you can do your post graduation (M.A) in one year. M.Phil has been scrapped. After MA you can do P.hd .
UGC and AICTE will be merged and all higher educational institutions will be govern by only one authority. Same content will be taught in all the institutions across the country. There will be capping in fees for private colleges.
The educational institutions will focus on students’ practical and application knowledge. They will try to make students innovative and creative with analytical thinking. The syllabus will be reduced to core knowledge of any subject only.
These are the major changes to be done in the New Education Policy 2020 will really sounds good and intersting. The govt have increased the education budget from 4.6 to 6% of the total GDP. But still have to do much Because we know that what is the condition of government schools in the country. To implement this Education Policy first have to be improved and reformed our schools. This New Education Policy is going to change our next generation Because it’s going to break a traditional and old policy with new reforms.